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Caroline Fucci

Cultural and Museum Studies, University of Leicester

Thesis title:

Brazilian Contemporary Art in the Global Biennial Context, 1998-2020

The 1990s and 2000s saw rapid worldwide growth in the number of large-scale, biennial exhibitions of contemporary art. While the biennial model took root within formerly peripheral locations, long-established Western biennials also pursued a more geographically expansive perspective. Focusing on the representation of Brazilian art within key biennials between 1998 and 2020, this project asks how the expansion and diversification of the biennial model have impacted knowledge and understanding of the contemporary art of formerly peripheral nations.

Recent decades have seen increased scholarly interest in the biennial model (Filipovic, 2010; Kompatsiaris, 2017; Altshuler, 2013) and its history (Gardner & Green, 2016; Jones, 2016; Vogel, 2010). The impact of globalisation on art history has also been extensively addressed (Iskin, 2017; Elkins, 2007; Belting, 2013). The internationalisation of Brazilian art has been widely analysed within Euro-American museum exhibitions (Fialho, 2005; Spricigo, 2010). No existing studies, however, address the role played by biennials in shaping an understanding of contemporary art from nations, such as Brazil, previously excluded from dominant Western-US narratives.

Grounded by interviews and archival research, my analysis of how these biennials have shaped Brazilian contemporary art and its history will be framed by theories of cultural identity articulated by Bhabha (1994), Canclini (1995) and Hall (1996). By exploring the biennial as a site where knowledge about contemporary art and its history is produced, this project will provide a research model applicable to other previously marginalised countries. 

Research Area

  • Cultural and Museum Studies
  • Museum and Gallery Studies


'The Third World in the Third Havana Biennial: Contemporary Art in the Global South', Plataforma de Curadoria, Federal University of EspĂ­rito Santo (UFES), 2021. 

'Issues of Authenticity in Modern and Contemporary Art', XII CODAIP Curitiba, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), 2018-2019. 

'The Value Gap: An Examination of its Origins and the Current Situation in Latin America', IAEL Book, FRUKT: London, 2018. 

'The Copyrights of Works of Art and the Mechanical Reproduction: The Brazilian Factual Status of Sculptures', Law Review of the Federal Judge, Rio de Janeiro, 2016-2017. 

Other Research Interests

  • Contemporary art and globalisation
  • Brazilian modern and contemporary art  
  • Exhibition histories
  • Biennial studies
  • Art and culture in the post-1989 context
  • Postcolonial theory
  • The politics of curating, display and art institutions
  • Art and labour


  • UK Association for Art History