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Catrin Fear

Archaeology, University of Nottingham

Thesis title:

The impact of lead in Medieval Britain

A multi-disciplinary study of the impact of lead in Medieval Britain (c.1100-1500AD) including human osteology, palaeopathology, artefacts and archival research. This thesis will explore how lead is mined, used and the impact it had on a society’s health through examining various Medieval towns with differing proximity to lead sources. It will also explore the various uses of lead from tiles to wine and whether lead’s poisonous qualities were known. A significant element to the thesis is the study of skeletal remains through identification of palaeopathological diseases that could be used to identify lead poisoning, which will be tested using lead concentration samples.

Research Area

  • Archaeology


In work: Fear, C. and O'Regan, H. The archaeology and human remains from Frank i' th' Rocks Cave, Derbyshire: a reassessment of the evidence. Cave and Karst Science


  • Speaker at University of Nottingham Classics and Archaeology PGR Conference (May 2019)
  • Poster presentation at M4C Research Festival, Birmingham (May 2019)
  • Invited speaker at BCRA Cave Science Symposium, Nottingham (19th October 2019)

Public Engagement & Impact

  • Assisted teaching first year undergraduate practical archaeology module.
  • PubPhD: 30 minute presentation and Q and A about my PhD research (18th September 2019). 
  • Helped organise University of Nottingham Classics and Archaeology PGR Conference
  • Helped organise the M4C Research Festival.

Other Research Interests

  • Human Osteology
  • Biological Anthropology
  • Palaeopathology
  • Palaeoanthropology/ Human Evolution
  • Cave archaeology