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Eleanor Cox

History, University of Nottingham

Thesis title:

Apocalyptic Thought in Late Fourteenth-Century England

My research looks at apocalyptic exegesis and prophecy in late medieval England to understand how people thought about the end of the world. Apocalyptic exegesis and prophecy was often based on the Book of Revelation, where mystical beings and frightening events could often be interpreted allegorically to understand salvation and, according to some, predict the coming of the end. In particular, we find that the apocalyptic beasts, such as the seven-headed dragon, may be interpreted as a variety of figures or metaphorical meanings. Further, these mystical texts often adapted the Book of Revelation for a contemporary audience, where history mapped onto apocalyptic revelation, in order to reveal the anxieties and concerns of those living during this time.

For my thesis, I am looking at four different texts to build up a picture of the complexities of apocalyptic thought in late medieval England. Two of these, the Westminster Apocalypse and the Opus Arduum Valde, were exegetical texts on the Book of Revelation. These provided commentary on individual extracts from Revelation, but their divulging interests show a variety in the types of thought available in Late Medieval England. The second two texts are prophecies, the Columbinus Prophecy and the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius, which built their own legends on the backs of apocalyptic thought. Here, the focus will be on how apocalyptic thought was adapted to suit contemporary audiences, and why these became popular particularly in England during the late medieval period.

Research Area

  • History


Apocalyptic Thought from the Black Death to the Eve of the Reformation', November 2022, University of Nottingham Postgraduate Seminars.

'Apocalyptic Thought in the Parish', July 2022, International Medieval Congress, Leeds.

'A Climate of Lay Devotion', chairing, July 2021, International Medieval Congress, Leeds.

'Political Malady in the English Columbinus Prophecy', May 2021, International Congress of Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo.

'The Continuous Circulation of Pseudo-Methodius in Late-Medieval England', poster, May 2021, M4C Research Festival.

'The Columbinus Prophecy in England', October 2020, Work in Progress Seminars, Nottingham.

'"Englishness" in Late Medieval Apocalyptic Thought', September 2020, Created Identities Conference, Nottingham.

Other Research Interests

My other interests include:

  • Modern Day Cult and Apocalyptic Movements.
  • The Black Death.
  • Lollardy and Joachimism.
  • Medieval Prophecy.


Member of the History Lab at the Institute of Historical Research.

Training and Professional Development

Writing for a Popular Audience, Royal Literary Fund, December 2021.

Editing Workshop, Royal Literary Fund, November-December 2020.

British Library: Introduction to the Collection, British Library, February 2020.

First Year Researcher Workshop, Royal Literary Fund, February 2020. 

Beginners Latin, University of Nottingham (audited module), October 2019 - March 2020.