History, Nottingham Trent University
The First Crusade (1095-1099) culminated in the establishment of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Principality of Antioch and counties of Edessa and Tripoli in the Levant, and led to the eventual foundation of the nearby Empire of Constantinople and Kingdom of Cyprus. The pre-existing populations of these six Latin Christian-ruled polities were composed of religiously, denominationally, ethnically, tribally and regionally diverse Eastern Mediterranean communities. Powerfully simplistic modern preconceptions of the nature and quality of cross-cultural relationships between the Latins and Eastern Mediterranean groups during the ‘crusades’ era are often inspired by contemporary conflict and colonial legacies. They are, in turn, frequently misappropriated to drive further cross-cultural conflict in the modern Eastern Mediterranean, and intolerance more widely. This interdisciplinary project explores the complex realities of historical cross-cultural relationships in the ‘Latin East’ by analysing the treatment and representation of different Eastern Mediterranean groups in the large extant body of Latin laws and legal texts.
'Cross-Cultural Relations in the Early Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem: The Canons of the Council of Nablus, 1120', Nottingham Medieval Studies 66 (2022), 137-163.
'Cross-cultural relationships in the Latin East: the Canons of Nablus’ at the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East's Early Careers Conference, 2021.
‘The treatment of the Levantine population in Latin laws and legal texts’ at The Irish Research Council's New Approaches Conference, 2022 (invited paper) and NTU's PGR History Conference, 2022.
‘Cross-cultural relationships in the Principality of Antioch: the Assises of Antioch’ at The Northern Network for the Study of the Crusades' Symposium, 2022, and at Lancaster University's HistFest, 2022.
‘Cross-cultural relationships in the Kingdom of Jerusalem: the Livre de Jacques d'Ibelin and Livre de Geoffrey le Tor’, at NTU's Law, Human Rights and Religion Flashpoints Conference, 2022.
‘The treatment and representation of Levantine groups in Latin legal treatises', at the NTU Centre for the Study of Religion and Conflict's Biennial Conference, 2023, and at the University of Leeds' International Medieval Congress, 2023.
NTU Centre for the Study of Religion and Conflict blog post, 2023.
Comparative legal history
The Renaissance of the 12th century and civil law
Medieval and ancient mediterranean cultures
Islamic, Jewish and Christian pasts
Minorities, refugees and subaltern groups
Realities of historical women's lives
The impact of World War II on medieval historiography
Royal Historical Society (RHS)
Book Reviews Editor, Literature and History (SAGE) (2023 - present)
Research Assistant, Nottingham Trent University (2021 - 2023)